Who Gives, Who Gets: The relationship between givers and receivers and the social space bridged by donations
Hogg, Eddy; Breeze, Beth (2013)

Dr Beth Breeze and Dr Eddy Hogg, Centre for Philanthropy, University of Kent

This paper will look at the suggestion that philanthropy often simply results in the recycling of resources within socio-economic groups. It does so by exploring the size of the ‘social space’ bridged by donations to UK charities, and at whether philanthropy can be considered redistributive. It looks to replicate work carried out by Lester Salamon in the United States (Salamon, 1992), which found that the majority of philanthropic donations go to organisations providing services to individuals outside of the lowest socio-economic groups. Data from the 2008 UK Giving report (CAF/NCVO, 2008) tentatively suggests that such a pattern may also exist in the UK, with high-level donors (those who give over £100 a month, the majority of whom come from higher socio-economic groups) move inclined to give to religious, educational and arts organisations and less likely to give to medical research, elderly organisations and disabled organisations. Through a short survey of charity chief executives and case studies of three UK charities and donors, we explore the socio-economic characteristics of clients and donors, and whether the relations between these suggest philanthropy is serving a bridging or bonding role. In doing so, we explore whether donors support charities which help ‘people like them’ or whether donors are willing to help people with very different life experiences.Biographies

Dr Beth Breeze is the Director of the Centre for Philanthropy at the University of Kent. She began her career as a fundraiser for a youth homelessness charity, and has spent a decade working in a variety of fundraising, research and charity management roles. Beth has written a wide range of research reports on issues related to charitable giving and philanthropy and is a frequent commentator on these issues in the mainstream and charity sector media.

Dr Eddy Hogg completed his PhD at Northumbria University in December 2012, which looked at how volunteering undertaken by older adults relates to their volunteering and other work activities across the lifecourse. He joined the Centre for Philanthropy at the University of Kent in March 2013 and is currently working on projects for The Heritage Lottery Fund, Pilotlight and on Who Gives, Who Gets.

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